- large muscle movements of the arm
- body awareness which is necessary to develop direction awareness
- direction awareness to know up, down, left, right, around, next to etc
- good muscle tone to maintain proper posture
- 2 eyes working together and focusing
- eyes and hands working together
- ability to cross the midline of the body
- small muscle development of the hand and fingers
- finger dexterity
- dominant hand use
So handwriting in early childhood is not about holding a pencil and practicing - this is the last step in a long line of achieving - it is about moving.
Look at the amazing opportunity for developing muscles in the arms and hands in tummy time, when crawling, reaching for a toy, picking up and dropping toys, shaking rattles, pushing prams, dancing, catching and throwing balls, playing on swings, flying a kite, swimming, climbing up and hanging from the monkey bars at the park and other outdoor games.
So each child's own personal development of adequate handwriting hopefully begins in an enchanted childhood of moving, exploring and playing where they are learning and developing all the skills needed to write before even forming a word. After all, this active learning we call play is children's work.
You may also be interested in my ideas about the best toys for children.